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Publication Guide - Introduction

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The Introduction should provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution. As much as possible it should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific disciplines.

Area descriptions, methods and materials studied

Area descriptions, methods and materials studied should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer's name and address. Subheadings should be used.

Results and analyses

Results and analyses should be presented with clarity and precision. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the authors' experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the Results but should be put into the Discussion section.

Discussion and Conclusions

The Discussion and Conclusions section should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic. State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper. These sections can include subheadings, and when appropriate, both sections can be combined.


The Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief.


The appendices must be attached at the end of the text.

Last Updated on Friday, 11 March 2022 07:45  

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