• Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size
Home Journals and Books Authors Guide for publication

Publication Guide - References

E-mail Print PDF
Article Index
Publication Guide
All Pages


Harvard style of referencing should be adopted.

Example : Journal papers

Names and initials of authors,( year). Title of paper. Journal name (given in full or abbreviation using the international list of Periodical Title Word Abbreviations), Volume number (issue number): first and last page numbers of the paper.

References in the text: A reference identified by means of an author‘s name should be followed by the date of the reference in parentheses. When there are more than two authors, only the first author‘s name should be mentioned, followed by ’et al‘. (Achumba, et al, 2009). In the event that an author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower case letter like ’a‘ and ’b‘ after the date to distinguish the works. Uchegbu, (2009 a).


Achumba, C., Uchegbu, S. N., Umoh, B. and Ubani, O. (2009). Sustainable Urban Development; Impediment or Catalyst for Economic Growth, Journal of Applied Sciences ,Chyke-Cee Publishers, Nigeria, Vol 12, No 2, pp 8454-8466.

Ubani, O and Uchegbu, S. N. (2009 a). “Effective Solid Waste Management and Planning as a Tool for Achieving Sustainable Environment & Development in Enugu Metropolis, “: Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology (JSET) , Chyke-Cee Publishers, Nigeria Vol 16, No 2 pp 8765-8780.

Ubani, O. and Uchegbu, S. N. and (2009 b). Urban Infrastructure and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria: Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology (JSET), Chyke-Cee Publishers, Nigeria, Vol 16, No 2, pp 8811-8827.

Uchegbu, S. N. (2009 a). “Effective planning and management as critical factors in urban water supply and management in Umuahia and Aba, Abia State, Nigeria “. Journal of the Physics and Chemistry of the earth., Elsevier Publishers Ltd Netherlands. Vol 34, pp 23-27,

Uchegbu, S. N. (2009 b). “The Relationship between the Quality of Surface Water Available for Domestic Consumption and Climatic Factors in Umuahia and Aba, Abia State, Nigeria “, Journal of Applied Sciences ,Chyke-Cee Publishers, Nigeria. Vol 12, No 1, pp 8355-8367,

Uchegbu, S. N., and Iroakazi, E. (2009 c). “Urban Planning and Management in a Depressed Economy: The Nigerian Experience “. Journal of Applied Sciences, Chyke-Cee Publishers, Nigeria ,Vol 12, No 2, pp 8392-8407.

References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order as above. Articles in preparation or articles submitted for publication, unpublished observations, personal communications, etc. should not be included in the reference list but should only be mentioned in the article text . Journal names are abbreviated according to abstracts. Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the references.


Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory . Data should not be presented in both table and graph.


Figure legends should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (Figure 1 and not Fig 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text. All articles are limited to a maximum of two figures and three tables , All photographs, maps, charts, and diagrams should be referred to as figures and should be numbered consecutively in order in which they are referred to in the text. Photographs should be black and white and not coloured. All figures and tables should be referred to  and inserted directly in the text.

Page Proofs

Electronic proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file.  Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage.  Because JEMS will be published freely online to attract a wide audience), authors will have free electronic access to the full text (in PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.


Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis; that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; and that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.

Fees and Charges:

Authors are required to pay a $80 (USA Dollars) or N40, 000.00 (Forty Thousand Naira only) handling fee.

Thank You

Last Updated on Friday, 11 March 2022 07:45  

Quick Info

Article Processing Charges

Open Access provides free and immediate online access to the scholarly literature for anyone in the world to read, distribute and reuse. CEPA offsets all the costs associated with our high-quality publishing service through Article Processing Charges (APCs): articles that are accepted for publication by our external editors following rigorous peer review incur a publishing fee charged to authors, institutions or funders, which are required to pay a $80 (USA Dollars) or N40, 000.00 (Forty Thousand Naira only) handling fee.

Login Form